What is insulin?
Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas and plays a crucial role in regulating the body’s blood sugar levels. When we eat, our body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, which is then absorbed into the bloodstream. Insulin helps transport glucose from the blood into the cells of the body, where it is used for energy or stored for later use.
Type 1 Diabetes
In people with type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults and requires daily insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump to regulate blood sugar levels.
Type 2 Diabetes
In people with type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin or does not produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs. Type 2 diabetes is often associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of physical activity, and poor diet. It can be managed through lifestyle changes, medication, and, in some cases, insulin therapy.
Physical activity can have a positive impact on insulin sensitivity, particularly in people with type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise can help improve the body’s ability to use insulin, leading to lower blood sugar levels and better overall health. It can also help with weight management, which is an important factor in managing type 2 diabetes.
However, it’s important to be cautious when engaging in physical activity if you have type 1 diabetes. Exercise can cause blood sugar levels to drop, particularly if you are taking insulin or other diabetes medications. It’s important to monitor your blood sugar levels before, during, and after exercise and to adjust your medication or food intake as needed.
Physical activity is an important part of managing insulin levels and maintaining good health. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps regulate the body’s blood sugar levels. It helps transport glucose from the blood into the cells of the body, where it is used for energy or stored for later use.
When we engage in physical activity, our muscles use glucose for energy, which helps lower blood sugar levels. Regular exercise can also help improve insulin sensitivity, meaning that the body is better able to use insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.
There are many different types of physical activity that can be beneficial for insulin management, including aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility exercises such as yoga or stretching. Aerobic exercise, such as walking, running, or cycling, can help improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels. Strength training exercises, such as weightlifting, can also help improve insulin sensitivity and increase muscle mass, which can lead to better glucose uptake by the muscles.
It’s important to be mindful of your blood sugar levels when engaging in physical activity, particularly if you are taking insulin or other diabetes medications. It’s recommended that you check your blood sugar before, during, and after exercise to monitor for any changes. Depending on your blood sugar levels, you may need to adjust your food intake or insulin dosage to prevent hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) or hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar).
In addition to the physical benefits, regular physical activity can also have a positive impact on mental health and overall wellbeing. Exercise has been shown to reduce stress and anxiety, improve mood, and promote better sleep, all of which can have a positive impact on insulin levels and overall health.
Physical activity is an important tool for managing insulin levels and promoting good health. There are many different types of physical activity that can be beneficial, and it’s important to monitor your blood sugar levels and adjust your medication or food intake as needed. With regular exercise and proper management, people with diabetes can lead healthy and active lives.